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Nothing personal: explaining the rise and decline of political machines in Ukraine (англ.)

Не визначено
Написано: 2015 року
Розділ: Публіцистика
Твір додано: 29.03.2017
Твір змінено: 30.03.2017
Завантажити: pdf див. (202,6 КБ)
Опис: Serhiy Kudelia & Taras Kuzio (2015) Nothing personal: explaining the
rise and decline of political machines in Ukraine, Post-Soviet Affairs, 31:3, 250-278

This article is the first to explore and compare the dynamics of party-building between the three main political forces that competed for power during the last decade in Ukraine – Viktor Yushchenko's Nasha Ukrayina (Our Ukraine), Yulia Tymoshenko's Batkivshchyna (Fatherland), and Viktor Yanukovych's Partiya Rehioniv (Party of Regions). We show that their political trajectories can be explained by differences in their organizational structure and distribution of resources within the party's leadership. When a party depends on resources linked primarily to one individual, it will develop a personalized decision-making structure advantaging its leader, and the party's fortunes will be tied to the popularity (or lack of same) of the leader. By contrast, when a party relies equally on resources from several groups, a more consociational style of decision-making is likely to emerge. Using Ukraine as a case study, the article shows that personality-led parties will be more vulnerable to defections and less capable of absorbing potential competitors. On the other hand, coalition-led parties are better capable of surviving defeats, maintaining internal cohesion, and merging with like-minded parties.

Keywords:: party-building, party organization, political machine, elections, patronage, Ukraine
 
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